The Rostov region is not only one of the most advanced multi-industrial and agricultural areas in the south of Russia, but also an important center of development for the sciences, education, culture and arts. The Don region is rich in deep and varied cultural traditions. The Administration of the Rostov Region maintains ongoing support of these fields in order to preserve and develop the cultural potential of the Don area.
The Administration of the Rostov region gives a permanent support to the development of the culture in the region, aimed at protecting and developing the cultural potential of Don land. The areas of this support are as follows:
- Supporting the professional arts in the Rostov Region.
- Preserving and developing the cultural heritage of the Don land.
- Developing the library science.
- Supporting young talents in their professional education.
- Preserving and developing the national cultures of Don peoples, as well as promoting cultural cooperation between different nations.
- Ensuring up-to-date technical and technological equipment of the cultural facilities.
- Creating integrated target projects and putting them into practice.
- Providing scientific and information support.
- Encouraging the development of the film-making industry.
- Strengthening the financial and technical bases of the culture and arts institutions.
Over the last ten years the Region Governor’s scholarship has been given every year in order to support talented young people working in the fine arts, as well as gifted students of art schools in the Region. Talented pupils of culture and art educational institutions get educational grants. Scholarships are given to members of those unions that represent various fine arts, employees of culture and arts establishments, gifted children studying in musical schools and colleges, arts schools, painting schools, and secondary schools specializing in culture and fine arts.
Since 2008 the artistic and production personnel of the Rostov region theaters get annual non-recurrent payments of the Head of Administration (Governor) of the Rostov region for the International Theater day in order to support and to grant culture and art workers for their contribution to the development of theater.
Rostov region offers tourist journeys and recreation in any of its 20 touristic centres around the tourist routeDon Silver Horseshoe– the cities of Rostov on Don, Azov, Aksay, Novocherkassk, Taganrog, Belaya Kalitva, Semikarakorsk as well as Starocherkassk, Veshenskaya, Razdorskaya, Pukhlyakovskaya, Kochetkovskaya Cossack villages and open-air museums and national parks.
Rostov on Don, the capital of Rostov region, has lived through 7 attack and defense operations during WWII and was bestowed the titleCity of Military Honour.New memorial City of Military Honour was opened on May 6th, 2010.
Starocherkassk Cossack village is a picturesque place making the visitors plunge into the history of the Don Cossacks. Established in 1570, 50 years later Cherkassk (as it was called at that times) became the capital of the Don Cossacks. It was here that the first fireworks in Russia were set off to celebrate the capture of Azov on August 18th, 1696.
Starocherkassk historical and archeological open-air museum keeps the antiquities of the Cossack history. It is listed in the UNESCO touristic guide. It was established in 1970 on Mikhail Sholokhov’s initiative and consists of more than 100 civil and cultural architecture monuments and about 50000 exhibit items.
From September to April regional tourist destinations are visited mainly by business tourists and students, whilst in summer months they attract locals and tourist visitors. It’s during this time that travelers enjoy combined tours that are common in the region. For example water-based recreation, such as beach amenities or river cruises and can be combined with tours to the Cossack villages and ancient temples, eco tourism and stay in farmsteads.
Many tourists travel by car and this also prompts the development of the combined tours. The road from the center of Russia to the Caucasus passes through the region. That is why roadside infrastructure and services standards are developing. Many tourists decide to stay here longer to visit tourist site. More and more tourists come to the Don land to enjoy mild climate, eat fresh fruit and vegetables and learn poetic legends and culture of the Don Cossacks who live in small villages, calledstanitsas.
Whatever the purpose of visiting the region there’s a great opportunity to visit the prime tourist attractions of the Don land – open-air museums located conveniently near the main highways. Open-air museums take a special place among other museums. They have a distinguished character and represent different trends, styles and epochs. The identity and role of every epoch are reflected in architecture and unique collections representing cultural diversities of nations who lived on the territory of the region in different times.
Rostov region possesses 9295 cultural and historic sites under the state protection. 8066 of them are of federal significance.
For more detailed information (in English, German and French) please go to www.dontourism.ru
The regional single-purpose hospital with 340 beds for patients with active forms of tuberculosis has been opened in the region. The putting into operation of the hospital provided the solution to the problem of in-hospital care for patients residing not only in Rostov-on-Don, but also outside the city, in rural areas.