Rostov Regionis situatedat thesouthern end of the Eastern European Plane and partially in the North Caucasus. It occupies a vast territory in the Lower Don river basin. By the character of the surface, the territory of Rostov Region is a plane divided by river valleys and gullies. The maximum altitude above sea level is 253 meters. In the northern section of the Region lies part of the Central Russian Upland; in the western section is the Eastern part of Donetskiy mountain-range; and in the southeastern section are the Salsko-Manychskaya and Ergeni ridges.
The distance between Moscow and Rostov-on-Donis 1226 kilometers. Thetotal areaof the region is 100.8 thousand square kilometers or 0,6% of the Russian territory. The Region is 470 kilometers north to south and 455 kilometers east to west. The territory occupied by the Rostov Region is equal to the combined territories of Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands.
The Rostov Region has landand waterborderswith the following regions: Donetsk and Lugansk Regions of Ukraine in the west and northwest (total length of the border is 660 kilometers), Voronezh and Volgograd Regions in the north and northeast, the Republic of Kalmykiya in the east and southeast, and Stavropol and Krasnodar Regions in the south. Rostov Region’s southwest section is washed by the Taganrog Bay of the Azov Sea, having the sea state border with Ukraine.
One of the largest rivers in Europe is the Don river (2 thousand kilometers) runs through the Rostov Region. Also, the Tsymlyansk Reservoir (24 billion cubic meters of water) is situated here. The main tributaries of the Don – Severskiy Donets and Manych – are navigable. Lakes take only 0.4% of the territory of the region.
The region’s territory lies within the steppe zone, only the edge of the southeastern part is a transition zone from steppe to semi-desert. About 5.6% of the region’s territory is covered by woods and bushes. Most of the region’s territory is farmland, mostly on highly fertile black earth.
The population of the region is 4404.013 million people (according to the census of 2002). More than 2/3 of the population live in cities and towns. The region ranks 5thplace in Russia in terms of the population.
Population density is 42.5% people /1 square kilometer.
As for the national composition, 89.3% of the population are Russians, 2.7% Ukrainians, 2.5% Armenians and 0.6% Byelorussians. Representatives of more than 150 different nationalities live in Rostov region. The mutual respect of the peoples and the traditionally close economic and cultural bonds are the main values highly appreciated and carefully guarded on the Don.
The working-age population is about 70% of the total amount. The educational level of the people in the economically active age is quite high. Thus, for every 1000 people 300 people have secondary specialized education, 400 – secondary general education, 87 – unfinished secondary education, 190 completed higher education degree and 12 - unfinished higher education.
The average annual number of individuals employed in economic activities is 1.75 million people, among them there are 1.2 million people working in private enterprises and organizations.
The region enjoys a pleasant mildly continental climate. The average temperature in January is -7°C, in July +23°C. The amount of sunlight is about 2050-2150 hours per year. From June to September the monthly average amounts of sunlight in Rostov are not very different from those in Sochi.
The yearly average amount of precipitation is 424 millimeters. Precipitation mostly occurs on the atmospheric fronts of cyclones. The amount decreases west (650 millimeters) to east (around 400 millimeters). High temperatures in summer and a long growing period provide for higher than average harvests of wheat, melons and gourds, horticultural crops and grapes.
Education complex of theRostovregion is the largest in theRussian Federation. It comprises about 3 thousand educational institutions of all kind of legal organizational forms and types. It allows students to get any kind of degree and profession in demand on the market and any kind of scientific degree.
The region actively works on the development of the social partnership forms, enforcing legal multilateral contracts between industrial enterprises, educational establishments, municipalities and regional Ministry of education.
The region takes an active part in the implementation of strategies of the federal policies in the educational sphere, including realization of the priority national project Education, national educational initiative Our New School, measures on the improvement of the demographic policy, establishment of the independent system for the assessment of the education quality, restructuring the network of schools in remote parts of the region.
Main targets for the development of the education complex are defined in compliance with social priorities of the federal policy and Government of the region:
- meet the demand of the population in obtaining quality pre-school and general secondary school education;
- ensure social and legal protection of the school children; prevent neglect and juvenile delinquency;
- maintain and improve mental and physical health of school children;
- develop systems for identification and support of gifted children and youth. Increase the educational potential of the educational establishments;
- grant highly qualified staff and develop teachers’ pedagogic potential;
- meet the demand of the regional labor market for the highly qualified specialists;
- ensure safe educational environment;
- increase economic efficiency of the education.
Almost 1 mln. people on the Don land are engaged in the education process. The following institutions comprise the education complex:
- 1123 general education institutions;
- 38 orphanages;
- 18 boarding schools of general education;
- 30 specialized (correctional) institutions;
- 74 colleges;
- 61 regional and federal vocational training institutions;
- 14 public and 11 private universities;
- 364 additional education centers for children.
1.The essence of economic security of the region lies in the ability and capacity of its economy gradually improve the quality of life of the population at the level of common standards, to counter the influence of internal and external threats in a cost of all kinds of resources and the sustainable use of natural factors to ensure the socio-economic and socio-political stability in the region.
2.The strategy of economic security is to determine the nature of the external and internal threats to its economic well-being, in the formation of a data bank on the conditions and factors that pose a threat to the vital economic interests of the region's population, market players and creating an effective mechanism for responding authorities to identify threats to economic security.
3.Identification of external and internal threats is needed to identify the priorities and criteria of economic security, reflecting the severity of real problems, assess their implications for the survival of the area.
4.Building a database on the conditions and factors that pose a threat to life in the region is possible using appropriate indicators.
Measure and evaluate the economic security of the area used by the analysis of its key indicators, assessment is the rate of growth of the main meso-economic indicators, forecasting the dynamics of their changes, peer review, which serves to describe the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the processes under study, analysis and processing scenarios, using optimization techniques, pattern recognition, game-theoretic methods of multivariate statistical analysis, etc. The most commonly used for this purpose the analysis of the main economic indicators of the region's security compared to their thresholds.Application of this method due to the fact that the concept of security is the ultimate nature of the boundaries of which the economy is exposed to a dangerous, threatening her, she describes the social parameters, thresholds, which would serve as a red alert signals to the public.
5.Given that the main threat to the real economic security of the region comes from the systemic crisis, based on historical and economic system which is a consequence of economic and institutional failures, it seems appropriate to take as the defining core of the system of measures to prevent threats to regional security scenario to overcome the crisis.This script must be adapted to the specific structure of the production sector is the territorial area of the complex as a whole and have variability.